Tag: noun

The list of contents

stasya | 17.06.2012 | 0

Introduction to Ukrainian language: Alphabet.

Noun: Gender, Cases, Declensions, First declension, Second declension, Third declension, Fourth declension.

Adjective: General information, Declension, Degrees of comparison.

Verb: General information (forms of the verb).

Adverb: General information (types, degrees of comparison).

Preposition: Location and destination.

Numeral: General information, Basic cardinal numerals, Ordinal numerals, Declension and Few more rules (numerals + nouns).

Telling time: Seasons and months, Days of the week, Hours.

Pronoun: General information (nine groups of pronouns), Declension.

This list is updated as the new content appears.

The Numeral: Few more rules

stasya | 15.06.2012 | 0

Here are some rules on how to use numerals and nouns in pairs:

  • After numeral one (even if it is a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative singular form:

    21 день, двадцять один день (21 days);

    41 дерево, сорок одне дерево (41 trees);

    1 151 зірка, тисяча сто п'ятдесят одна зірка (1 151 stars).

  • After numerals two and more noun has plural form:

    дві ручки (two pens),

    вісім комп'ютерів (eight computers),

    шістдесят років (sixty years).

  • After numerals two, three, four (even if they are a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative plural form:

    32 метри, тридцять два метри (thirty-two metres);

    53 олівці, п'ятдесят три олівці (fifty-three pencils);

    364 дні, триста шістдесят чотири дні (three hundred sixty-four days).

Read more →

Telling time: Hours

stasya | 11.06.2012 | 5

If you want to ask the time you should say:

Котра (зараз) година? — What time is it (now)?


О котрій годині? — At what time?

година — hour, feminine,

хвилина — minute, feminine,

Both of them decline like рука.

Now let's have a closer look on how to tell the time in Ukrainian.

Image: /upload/article_images/27_7655f978fdf927e83b6432ec5a2d051c.png

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Telling time: Days of the week

stasya | 10.06.2012 | 0

In the previous article we were talking about seasons and months. Now let's explore days of the week.

Every week consists of seven days and begins from Monday (понеділок) and ends with Sunday (неділя).

Days of the week in Ukrainian language are written in lower-cases.

Image: /upload/article_images/25_dff4f0de1053b57874b0cd1f6690314a.png

Monday — понеділок (masc.); понеділки (pl.);

Tueasday — вівторок (masc.); вівторки (pl.);

Wednesday — середа (fem.); середи (pl.);

Thursday — четвер (masc.); четверги (pl.);

Friday — п'ятниця (fem.); п'ятниці (pl.);

Saturday — субота (fem.); суботи (pl.);

Sunday — неділя (fem.); неділі (pl.).

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The Adverb: General information

stasya | 21.02.2012 | 1

The adverb is an unchangable part of speech that defines means of action, state or other means.

Unlike other independent parts of speech (e.g. the noun or adjective) the adverb does not have genders, declensions, singular or plural forms.

Adverbs are created by changing other parts of speech like nouns, adjectives and pronouns.

For example:

ніч (night) — вночі (at night): noun — adverb

швидкий (quick) — швидко (quickly): adjective — adverb

мій (my) — по-моєму (roughly means "as for me"): pronoun — adverb

Adverbs can be divided in two main groups:

  1. Adverbs of quality, quantity and manner.

  2. Adverbs of time, place, intention and cause.

Read more about adverbs →

The Preposition: Location and Destination

stasya | 09.02.2012 | 0

When telling the location of or destination to a particular object you may encounter some difficulties with what preposition to use or how to change the noun according to it.

In this article I will show you the most popular prepositions and their common usage.

Here are some main points of telling the location and destination:

  • depending on the preposition and the question put to the sentence there can be 4 different cases involved in: Genitive, Accusative, Instrumental, Locative;

  • Locative case is never involved in telling the destination, it can only point on the location of an object.

Find out more about location and destination →

The Noun: Fourth declension

stasya | 31.01.2011 | 0

The fourth declension includes neuter nouns with () endings, which after declension achieve ен-, -ат-, -ят- suffixes.

Similar to the third declension it does not have groups (still the first and second declensions have them).

Neuter nouns with -а(-я) endings that mostly mean little animals or names of undersized things get the -ат-,-ят- suffixes: курча (a chicken) — курчати, кошеня (a kitten) — кошеняти, ягня (a lamb) — ягняти, немовля (a newborn baby) — немовляти etc.

Read more about fourth declension →

The Noun: Third declension

stasya | 31.01.2011 | 0

The third declension includes feminine nouns with zero endings and the word “мати” (a mother).

It does not have groups like the first and second declensions and thus is easier to deal with. Many feminine nouns from this group mean something abstract, object's quality, condition, action or even some general concepts. These nouns often cannot have plural form.

Example: сміливість (courage), гордість (pride), любов (love), щастя (happiness), мудрість (a wisdom), радість (a joy) etc.

Read more about third declension →

The Noun: Second declension

stasya | 29.01.2011 | 0

The second declension includes masculine nouns with zero and endings and neuter nouns with -о,-е,-я endings.

These nouns are divides in three groups: hard, soft and mixed. In The Noun: Declensions article it was explained which nouns belong to each of these groups, so now it is time to learn how to change the nouns according to the cases and their groups.

Read more about second declension →

The Noun: First declension

stasya | 27.01.2011 | 0

The first declension includes feminine, masculine and combined nouns with -а(-я) ending.

These nouns are divided into three groups: hard, soft and mixed. In The Noun: Declensions article it was explained which nouns belong to each of these groups, so now it is time to learn how to change the nouns according to the cases and their groups.

Read more about first declension →

The Noun: Declensions

stasya | 26.01.2011 | 0

From the previous article you have found out more about cases and their main points, so the next question you would probably ask is:

How to change the nouns according to the cases?

Well, for this purpose there are four declensions. Declensions are actually groups of nouns gathered due to their specific endings and genders. The first and the second declension also are divided into three different groups: hard, soft and mixed.

It looks like this:

  1. I declension

    • hard group

    • soft group

    • mixed group

  2. II declension

    • hard group

    • soft group

    • mixed group

  3. III declension

  4. IV declension

Read more about declensions →

The Noun: Cases

stasya | 25.01.2011 | 3

In the previous article it was mentioned, that the noun in Ukrainian language has seven cases. Here I would like to expand the topic, so that you can understand the purpose of cases and their meaning.

Why do we need cases?

We need them to show how the noun and other words in the sentence interact with each other. It is basically a grammatical category.

How to understand where to use a certain case?

You must put a certain question to a noun in the sentence. For example, in English you can put three kinds of questions to a noun depending on its role in the sentence.

  • The boy is playing with a kitten. (who? what?)

    The word “boy” plays the role of a subject.

  • The boy hugged him. (who?/whom?)

    The word “him” plays the role of a direct object.

  • His kitten.

    The word “his” plays the role of a possessor. (whose?)

But in Ukrainian language you can put 6 types of questions.

Read more about cases →

The Noun: Gender

stasya | 22.01.2011 | 0

The noun (іменник [i'mɛn:ɪk]) — is the main part of speech and it is the basis of Ukrainian grammar. Ukrainian nouns have three genders, they can be singular and plural and what is more important they have seven cases. Unlike English they do not have articles.

Depending on the noun's gender, number or case the other parts of speech (i.e. adjectives, pronouns, prepositions, numerals and verbs) will change.

For example:

Цей чоловік кладе книжку на стіл. — This man is putting (puts) a book on the table.

What we have here is the main noun “чоловік” (a predicate) which is masculine, singular and in nominal case (answers the question: “who?”). According to this we have to change the pronoun and the verb.

Let's talk about the genders

There are three of them:

  1. Masculine (чоловічий рід).

  2. Feminine (жіночий рід).

  3. Neuter (середній рід).

Read more about genders →