Tag: adjective

The list of contents

stasya | 17.06.2012 | 0

Introduction to Ukrainian language: Alphabet.

Noun: Gender, Cases, Declensions, First declension, Second declension, Third declension, Fourth declension.

Adjective: General information, Declension, Degrees of comparison.

Verb: General information (forms of the verb).

Adverb: General information (types, degrees of comparison).

Preposition: Location and destination.

Numeral: General information, Basic cardinal numerals, Ordinal numerals, Declension and Few more rules (numerals + nouns).

Telling time: Seasons and months, Days of the week, Hours.

Pronoun: General information (nine groups of pronouns), Declension.

This list is updated as the new content appears.

The Numeral: Few more rules

stasya | 15.06.2012 | 0

Here are some rules on how to use numerals and nouns in pairs:

  • After numeral one (even if it is a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative singular form:

    21 день, двадцять один день (21 days);

    41 дерево, сорок одне дерево (41 trees);

    1 151 зірка, тисяча сто п'ятдесят одна зірка (1 151 stars).

  • After numerals two and more noun has plural form:

    дві ручки (two pens),

    вісім комп'ютерів (eight computers),

    шістдесят років (sixty years).

  • After numerals two, three, four (even if they are a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative plural form:

    32 метри, тридцять два метри (thirty-two metres);

    53 олівці, п'ятдесят три олівці (fifty-three pencils);

    364 дні, триста шістдесят чотири дні (three hundred sixty-four days).

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The Adverb: General information

stasya | 21.02.2012 | 1

The adverb is an unchangable part of speech that defines means of action, state or other means.

Unlike other independent parts of speech (e.g. the noun or adjective) the adverb does not have genders, declensions, singular or plural forms.

Adverbs are created by changing other parts of speech like nouns, adjectives and pronouns.

For example:

ніч (night) — вночі (at night): noun — adverb

швидкий (quick) — швидко (quickly): adjective — adverb

мій (my) — по-моєму (roughly means "as for me"): pronoun — adverb

Adverbs can be divided in two main groups:

  1. Adverbs of quality, quantity and manner.

  2. Adverbs of time, place, intention and cause.

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The Adjective: Degrees of comparison

stasya | 09.02.2012 | 0

Ukrainian adjectives have two degrees of comparison: comparative and superlative. Every degree has as well two forms: simple and hard.

First of all I would like to note that for beginners or even more advanced Ukrainian speakers the "simple" form is actually more difficult to understand and learn than the "hard" form. So feel free to use the easiest form because they both are interchangeable, though we prefer to use "hard" form with more abstract or relative adjectives.

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The Adjective: Cases

stasya | 01.02.2011 | 0

Depending on the consonant before the ending adjectives can be divided into two groups:

  1. hard group:

    the hard consonant before -ий ending: добрий (kind), червоний (red), чистий (clean), низький (short);

    all the possessive adjectives: мамин (mother's), батьків (father's);

  2. soft group:

    the soft consonant before -ій, синій (dark blue), ранній (early), колишній (former, ex), справж ній (true);

    adjectives with -їй ending: безкраїй (immense, endless).

  3. and a special group of adjectives with -ций ending, which is a part of -лиций (“лице” means “face”): груглолиций (round-faced), блідолиций (pale-faced).

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The Adjective: General information

stasya | 31.01.2011 | 0

The adjective (прикметник [prɪk'mɛtnɪk]) is a part of speech which defines the subject and answers the question: “який?” “яка?” “яке?” (which?/what?/what kind?) and “чий?” “чия?” (whose?).

The adjectives can define:

  • colour: білий (white), чорний (black), блакитний (blue);

  • size: великий (big), малий (small, little), широкий (wide), вузький (narrow);

  • age: молодий (young), старий (old);

  • flavour: солодкий (sweet), кислий (sour);

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