Tag: numeral

The list of contents

stasya | 17.06.2012 | 0

Introduction to Ukrainian language: Alphabet.

Noun: Gender, Cases, Declensions, First declension, Second declension, Third declension, Fourth declension.

Adjective: General information, Declension, Degrees of comparison.

Verb: General information (forms of the verb).

Adverb: General information (types, degrees of comparison).

Preposition: Location and destination.

Numeral: General information, Basic cardinal numerals, Ordinal numerals, Declension and Few more rules (numerals + nouns).

Telling time: Seasons and months, Days of the week, Hours.

Pronoun: General information (nine groups of pronouns), Declension.

This list is updated as the new content appears.

The Numeral: Few more rules

stasya | 15.06.2012 | 0

Here are some rules on how to use numerals and nouns in pairs:

  • After numeral one (even if it is a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative singular form:

    21 день, двадцять один день (21 days);

    41 дерево, сорок одне дерево (41 trees);

    1 151 зірка, тисяча сто п'ятдесят одна зірка (1 151 stars).

  • After numerals two and more noun has plural form:

    дві ручки (two pens),

    вісім комп'ютерів (eight computers),

    шістдесят років (sixty years).

  • After numerals two, three, four (even if they are a part of a composite numeral) noun has Nominative plural form:

    32 метри, тридцять два метри (thirty-two metres);

    53 олівці, п'ятдесят три олівці (fifty-three pencils);

    364 дні, триста шістдесят чотири дні (three hundred sixty-four days).

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Telling time: Hours

stasya | 11.06.2012 | 5

If you want to ask the time you should say:

Котра (зараз) година? — What time is it (now)?


О котрій годині? — At what time?

година — hour, feminine,

хвилина — minute, feminine,

Both of them decline like рука.

Now let's have a closer look on how to tell the time in Ukrainian.

Image: /upload/article_images/27_7655f978fdf927e83b6432ec5a2d051c.png

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Telling time: Seasons, months

stasya | 10.06.2012 | 2

In this set of articles I am going to write about time and everything (as much as I can) what is connected to it.

First of all, if you want to understand how to tell "what time is it now?" or to talk about when and where were you going on vacation or things like that, you will need to remember about grammar, of course, and proper usage of nouns (gender, cases), prepositions, numerals and other parts of speech.

Let's begin with some vocabulary and write down names of seasons and months in Ukrainian:

Image: /upload/article_images/24_eef8d018fcca2530793f7337b78fc976.png

season — пора року (пора — feminine); пори року (pl.)

What season is it now? — Яка зараз пора року?

What seasons do you know? — Які пори року ти знаєш?

month — місяць (masculine); місяці (pl.)

What month is it now? — Який зараз місяць?

How many months are there in a year? — Скільки в році місяців?

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The Numeral: Cases

stasya | 08.06.2012 | 0

Here are types of declining of numerals in Ukrainian language:

1. Declining of numeral один (one)

Numeral один (одна, одне, одні) is declined as pronoun той (та, те, ті).

Case Singular Plural
masculine neuter feminine
Nominative один одне одна одні
Genitive одного однієї (одної) одних
Dative одному одній одним
Accusative один (одного) одне одну одні (одних)
Instrumental одним однією (одною) одними
Locative одному одній одних

Stresses are underlined.

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The Numeral: Ordinals

stasya | 08.06.2012 | 0

Ordinal numerals (with some exceptions) are formed by adding endings -ий/ій, -а/я, -е/є, to the corresponding cardinal numerals depending on the gender and number.

-ий/ій — masculine, singular;

-а/я — feminine, singular;

-е/є — neuter, singular;

— plural.


1 — перший, перша, перше, перші

2 — другий, друга, друге, другі

3 — третій, третя, третє, треті

4 — четвертий, четверта, четверте, четверті

5 — п'ятий, п'ята, п'яте, п'яті

6 — шостий, шоста, шосте, шості

7 — сьомий, сьома, сьоме, сьомі

8 — восьмий, восьма, восьме, восьмі

9 — дев'ятий, дев'ята, дев'яте, дев'яті

10 — десятий, десята, десяте, десяті

More ordinal numerals →

The Numeral: Basic cardinals

stasya | 08.06.2012 | 0


1 — один, одна, одне*

2 — два, дві**

3 — три

4 — чотири

5 — п'ять

6 — шість

7 — сім

8 — вісім

9 — дев'ять

10 — десять

more cardinal numerals →

The Numeral: General Information

stasya | 08.06.2012 | 0

Numerals are devided into cardinals (cardinal numerals) and ordinals (ordinal numerals).

In turn cardinals are divided into:

  • basic cardinals: нуль (zero), один (one), два (two), три (three), чотирнадцять (fourteen), сто десять (hundred and ten), тисяча (thousand) etc.

  • fractions: одна шоста (1/6), дві сьомих (2/7), пів (half), півтора (one and a half) etc.

  • assembled: двоє (two), четверо (four), п'ятеро (five) etc.

  • undesignated cardinals: багато (many/much), мало (few/little), кілька (few/little) etc.

Ordinal numerals are formed by adding endings -ий/ій, -а/я, -е/є, to the corresponding cardinal numerals depending on the gender and number, which makes them look like adjectives of hard and soft groups.

For example:

дванадцять (twelve) + ий = дванадцятий (twelfth): masculine, singular;

дванадцять (12) + а = дванадцята (12th): feminine , singular;

дванадцять (12) + е = дванадцяте (12th): neuter , singular;

дванадцять (12) + і = дванадцяті (12th): plural.

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